What Drives Forex Prices and Where Does Forex Money Go?


Forex Money

What Drives Forex Prices and Where Does Forex Money Go?

Stock traders worldwide exchange prices for selling and buying, which is why they bid on the prices. Shares are traded on central exchanges that provide a straightforward method to determine the price. 

They are placed in ascending order, and the offer prices are shown in ascending order in the book of orders. The transaction is concluded when the terms match the asking price and create an appropriate value for a stock. But a new forex trader might be wondering what the origins of currency exchange rates originate, mainly since the forex market can be an exchange that is decentralized and operates without a formal room. 

In this article, we'll attempt to identify to clarify the reason behind the value flow provided to forex traders.

Participants of Interbank Market

The spot markets, the futures markets, and SWIFT (the Society for Worldwide Interbank Communications) make up the market known as the interbank. The list of players in this market comprises commercial banks, investment banks as well as hedge funds, significant central banks, and trading companies. 

There are many reasons each institution has to participate in the market through trading, buying, or selling currencies. Commercial banks, for example, may want to buy the transfer of billions of dollars daily. These institutions can conduct business with one another directly. However, concerns about security and getting the most efficient prices to force the parties to use forex platforms in the interbank market, such as Electronic Broking Services (EBS), Bloomberg platform, and Eikon (Thomson Thomson). 

These platforms are the conduits for communication among a multitude of banks. The platforms can, at any point, provide two prices for buying and selling, which are displayed to users on the platform for trading. Of course, market participants in interbank markets aren't required to disclose whether they are interested in selling or buying an asset.

An example of major currency pairs

Suppose we believe that every one of the largest banks is looking to purchase the euro currency worth as much as 3 billion dollars. The bank will display the prices for acquisition and sale, which it's willing to accommodate. 

Most of the time, there's the expansion (spread) to disguise the cost paid by the bank (order expenses as well as trade volume and cost of inventory, competition, and currency risk).

A sample for minor currencies

When dealing with currency pairs with limited trading volume, in comparison with major ones, an aggregator divides the volumes of trading among a range of different liquidity suppliers. Additionally, the usual price of execution increases.

The aggregator's intelligent order routing software calls quotes from various liquidity providers when the order size is too big. For instance, the program could split the order of 10 million dollars into five orders worth $2 million each, and the client can get quotes from various banks. 

Once the quotes are received, the program selects the most profitable rates for the trader while shielding the broker from possible dangers. But, it must be remembered that the service provider could deny the request when sent to them due to the last-look feature. 

Suppose the provider of liquidity thinks (especially as it's a general perception of how transactions in the market via its well-developed platforms) that it's not in a position to protect the possibility of the request. In that case, it'll deny the order and give a different estimate to the broker.

It's evident from the discussion above that the quotes given by forex brokers are primarily from the fees they receive from their liquidity suppliers. In general, this is how forex brokers calculate the prices they offer their customers. This is why it's not surprising to find a slight variance in one broker's quotes to the next.

Where Does Forex Money Go?

Inflows and outflows of money

When trading on the OTC forex market OTC foreign exchange market, the trader transmits trade orders direct (STP-STP) to a liquidity service (Credit Suisse Goldman Sachs, Nomura, Citigroup, UBS, Bank of America, and many more) or plays the role of the counterparty of any transaction (the market maker).


Where is the money going when a private foreign trader works with one of the STP brokers? For instance, a client can buy a standard amount (100,000 units) in EUR/USD at 1.1120. The order is then routed to one pool of liquidity. 

If a limit order is fulfilled, the required capital for the transaction is retained as a margin in the client's account. If the client uses the leverage ratio of 1:100, then the value of the retained margin will be reflected in his account as $1120. 

The value of the remaining stock within the client's account is updated with the value change. STP brokers typically receive a leverage ratio of 1:100 from their liquid suppliers. So, the liquidity provider can deduct $1,120 from the forex broker's account.

If we suppose it is the case that the buyer has ended his EUR/USD long position at 1.1130. in this instance, the sell request is sent to the liquidity supplier to match it to an equivalent purchase order. 

The liquidity provider will then release $1,120 and $100 for the Forex broker, and then the broker will release the retained margin, i.e., $1,120 with $100 profit added to the trader account. The liquidity provider might be able to play the function of a counterparty in the transaction. 

In the same way, he could create a new position in the hope that he can sell it later at the price of the next day to someone other and instead protect the position that is open for sale at an earlier price. This means that the transaction isn't classed as a loss by the liquidity service.

If the trader closes the position at 1.1110, it will only release $1,020 ($1,120 or $100 losses) from the broker's account. Then, it will release just $1,020 from the margin remaining in the trader's account upon the Deal's opening. In the final analysis, the forex broker will have recouped the amount he was able to lose and continue to operate in the same manner as it did previously.

Market Maker

Let's take an analogous scenario with a broker acting as a market maker. When a customer places an order to trade, the broker can hold the capital requested (depending on the leverage utilized) and then confirms the transaction. 

Based on the chance management technique employed by the broker, a forex client, the order information of their customers is also gathered, and they can be sent to the liquidity provider. Inside matching is between open buy and sell orders at similar levels on the same currency pair. 

The book shift occurs based on the margin online when the customer closes an order. Depending on the method employed by the broker, who is forex, his position will be closed at the same time as the liquidity provider.

Selling and buying currencies is comparable to buying other physical assets since the cost of the item is a process that goes through several steps before it is delivered to the final buyer. 

Retail brokers and distributors get their portion of the profits. Forex brokers also charge their clients their profit through a spread that adds to the specific cost and is passed onto the other party.

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